Impact News

The April 2024 edition of the Indonesian Update raises a main report regarding urban development in Indonesia, which is expected to be able to reduce the flows of urbanization that occur almost every year after the Eid al-Fitr holiday. Apart from that, to prevent new problems, especially urban poverty, the Government needs to increase innovation and to make improvements in cities in Indonesia.

In the economic sector, the Indonesian Update highlights that global economic conditions in 2024 are predicted to experience a slowdown. One of reasons is the escalation of conflicts in the Middle East region. Indonesia also has the potential to have negative impacts of the conflicts. Next, we also discuss the overseeing policies to eradicate corruption in Indonesia. This is because of the significant impact of losses caused by corrupt practices economically, politically and socially. Even the United Nations (UN) predicted that the world paid US$3.6 trillion every year for these corrupt practices, of which US$1 trillion went to bribery and US$2.6 trillion went to corruption (The Commonwealth, 15 May 2023). In addition, low-income countries also bear greater burdens from corruption than high-income countries.

In the legal field, the Indonesian Update raises the importance of upholding Human Rights (HAM) in military operations other than war (OMSP) carried out by the Indonesian Military (TNI). Human rights have existed side by side with the military, even in the international realm since 1949. It is not appropriate if human rights are always separated and considered “unimportant” in military operations. Next, we also discuss the trend of requests for disputes over election results to the Constitutional Court (MK). The existence of similar allegations of violations, especially regarding the election process, can also indicate procedures that must continue to be improved to adapt to current developments and conditions in the field.

In the political field, the Indonesian Update discusses the dynamics of coalitions and opposition in the presidential system in Indonesia after the 2024 elections. The results of the 2024 elections illustrate the potential for imbalance between the Government and the opposition, creating challenges in maintaining political stability and sparking various social dynamics in the future. Next, we look at preparations for holding simultaneous Regional Head Elections (Pilkada) that will be held on November 27 2024. The Pilkada marks an important moment for Indonesian democracy, with 37 provinces and 508 districts/cities involved simultaneously. Active community participation in this process is crucial, while good implementations and supervision are the main prerequisites.

Then, we also discuss the fairly good level of voter participation in the 2024 elections. However, there are still notes for improvements in the implementations of the 2024 elections that must be addressed. These notes must of course be addressed by policy makers such as election organizers and the Government. Apart from that, election organizers must also open up space for participation for other stakeholders such as election participants, civil society organizations, academics and mass media to provide input for improving the election.

It is hoped that the monthly publication of the Indonesian Update with current themes will help policy makers in government and business institutions – as well as academic circles, think tanks and elements of civil society, both at home and abroad, to obtain actual information and contextual analysis about economic conditions, politics, social and law in Indonesia, as well as an understanding of public policy in Indonesia.

 Happy Reading.

 

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The post The Indonesian Update — Volume XVIII , No.4 – April 2024 (English Version) first appeared on The Indonesian Institute.

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