Impact News

ISBN : Masih dalam proses
Pages : 94
Size : 21.59 x 27.94 cm

Executive Summary:
The 6th IPCC Assessment Report underscores the unprecedented and widespread impacts of climate change, predicting adverse effects on livelihoods, economies, and increased displacement. Southeast Asian countries, notably Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam, face a heightened risk of slow-onset climate change impact, posing internal displacement or migration risks. The existing international and national protection for slow-onset climate change impact-related human mobility is deficient, and gaps persist in legal frameworks. The study aims to address these gaps in Southeast Asia, exploring the challenges of human mobility driven by slow-onset climate change impacts, analyzing migration patterns, and examining the nexus between climate change, human mobility, and conflict.

The research adopts a comparative case study design, focusing on Demak Regency and Indramayu Regency in Indonesia, Bulacan Province in the Philippines, and Soc Trang Province in Vietnam, offering insights into the complexities of the nexus of slow-onset climate change, human mobility, and conflict in the region. The study aims to identify commonalities, divergences, and propose regional and local strategies, contributing to a holistic understanding of the broader implications of slow-onset climate change-related human mobility and conflict in Southeast Asia.

Climate change significantly impacts human mobility, particularly due to rising sea levels observed in case studies. The study highlights that increased sea levels, exacerbated by factors like groundwater extraction, consistently result in submerged lands and settlements. This forces affected communities to choose between adapting to climate changes or migrating. Economic constraints often hinder adaptation, prompting various forms of migration, including relocation and voluntary moves for better opportunities. Economic factors, intertwined with gradual sea level rise, play a crucial role in influencing community migration decisions. The study emphasizes the interconnectedness of climate change, migration, and sustainable development goals. Case studies in Southeast Asia reveal that conflicts tend to be localized and smaller, emerging over time due to socioeconomic and environmental stressors, leading to increased animosity. The research also highlights that climate-induced human mobility may contribute to conflicts such as violence and land-use disputes. Effective governance and increased coordination at global, regional, and national levels are deemed crucial to tackle these challenges.

The study yields key recommendations for future research and policy development in the scope of slow-onset climate change, migration, and conflict management. This comprehensive study illuminates the intricate interplay of slow-onset climate change, migration, and conflict in Southeast Asian nations, emphasizing the imperative for integrated policies at the national, regional, and local levels. The recommendations advocate for evidence-based decision-making, broad-based partnerships, and targeted, gender-responsive approaches focusing on the most vulnerable populations. The study urges a shift from anticipatory action to enabling solutions, incorporating disaster risk reduction and in situ adaptation by putting an emphasis in policy coherence and joint initiatives. National governments are called upon to lead integrated efforts, while regional collaboration within ASEAN is crucial for harmonized frameworks. At the local level, empowering stakeholders, transparent resource distribution, and multisectoral collaboration are highlighted, all contributing to a holistic and coherent approach vital for safeguarding populations and fostering resilience in the face of climate-induced challenges.

Authors:
Dr. Saut Sagala
Danang Azhari, B.Sc.
Rufaida Nurul Vicri, B.A.
Eri Krismiyaningsih, M.URP.
Arief Rizky Herdiansyah B.Sc.
Loreine Dela Cruz, M.A.
Dr. Hong-Quan Nguyen
Dr. Minh Tu Nguyen
Dr. Indraswari
Dr. Ronan McDermott
Dr. Nino Viartasiwi
Dr. Elisabeth Rianawati

The post Study Report: Envisioning Slow-onset Climate Change Impact and Human Mobility in Southeast Asia appeared first on Resilience Development Initiative.

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